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Jalowiec Coping Scale And Lazarus PDF & ePub By Robin Joy mg tf workshop manual download cagiva river service repair manual download. 6 The Jalowiec Coping Scale Anne Jalowiec This chapter discusses the Jalowiec Coping Scale, a measure of coping behavior across a wide range of stressful. and lack of clarity in terms of the relationship of coping to other concepts in the and evaluated the psychometric properties of the Jalowiec Coping Scale.

The condition has great influence on several aspects of daily life and the reduced HRQOL did not change during a five-year period [ 3 ]. Millqvist el al. Using a qualitative approach, Larsson et al. The patients felt that there was a lack of understanding from others, felt limitations in daily life and were afraid that the symptoms would indicate a problem that would become a serious disease [ 16 ].

Similar results have been found in patients with chemical sensitivity [also called multiple chemical sensitivity MCS ]; the results showed a lack of access regarding education, use of public transportation, visits to restaurants, movies, friends, medical care, and problems at work [ 18 — 20 ].

Further, according to Lipson, people have difficulties living with MCS. They have to face social, attitudinal, and logistical barriers. Social suffering increased for people with MCS because their relationships with family, friends, school or work, and physicians were negatively affected [ 21 ]. When people become patients, they enter a stressful situation. Coping is the response that aims to reduce the level of stress.

According to this theory, the individual and the situation cannot be separated: coping is not outcome dependent; rather it is simply the attempt to manage the situation [ 22 ].

It has been used in several studies in different conditions [ 24 , 25 ], and studies show that women may use different kinds of coping strategies than men [ 26 , 27 ].

Depending on their function, coping strategies can be classified in two major categories. One is problem-focused, in which the patient deals directly with the problem, e. The other is emotion-focused coping, in which the patient deals with the emotions associated with the stress, e.

According to Lazarus, in Western culture there is a strong tendency to regard problem-focused coping as being more successful and effective than emotive coping [ 22 ]. Nordin et al. The most commonly used and effective coping strategies were avoiding odorous environments, and asking people to limit their use of odorous substances.

Other strategies were to accept the situation and reprioritize how important things were [ 28 ]. Patients with asthma-like symptoms describe having similar symptoms and trigger factors as SHR-patients.

Ringsberg et al. A study with problem-based learning in patients with asthma-like symptoms showed that the participants learned to use new coping strategies, could describe the disorder in words, and had their self-confidence increase [ 30 ]. Larsson et al.

Another way they managed difficult situations was by disparaging the symptoms or to simply denying them [ 16 ]. Further, little is known about coping strategies among patients with SHR. Psychometric assessment of the Jalowiec Coping Scale. Nurs Res ;33 3 — The relationship among perceived social support.

Korean J Rehabil Nurs ;4 2 — In: The measurement of selection, optimization, and compensation SOC by self report: Technical report. Symptoms and experiences in chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

Chest ;83 5 — Oh EG. In: Physical, psychological symptoms and the degree of dyspnea perception in patients with COPD [master's thesis]. Seoul: Yonsei University; Stenton C. The MRC breathlessness scale. Occup Med Lond ;58 3 — Kim YS.

Saad Al Shohaib

In: A study on the effects of successful aging in sibling relationship feature at old age [master's thesis]. Seoul: Sungshin Women's University; Coping with symptoms of dyspnea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Rehabil Nurs ;27 2 — The influence of subjective health status, post-traumatic growth, and social support on successful aging in middle-aged women.

J Korean Acad Nurs ;46 5 — Correlates of chronic disease and patient-provider discussions among middle-aged and older adult males: Implications for successful aging and sexuality.

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To analyse relationships, we performed linear and ordinal logistic regressions. Angina pectoris and dyspnea were both associated with impaired physical function, and dyspnea was also negatively related to social function.

Overall, less perceived burden and better overall QOL were observed in patients using more confronting coping strategy. Conclusion The present study demonstrated that data from cardiac patients to a large extent support the suggested model by Wilson and Cleary.

Although there is a general agreement that HRQOL is a multidimensional construct [ 5 — 8 ], the associations between the dimensions in HRQOL lack a solid theoretical framework [ 9 , 10 ]. This model indicates that biological and physiological processes affect the perception of symptoms, which in turn affects functioning, general health perception and overall QOL. However, they point out that the main causal direction in their model does not imply that there are not reciprocal relationships [ 5 ].

With regard to previous research, weak associations have been found between objective measures of disease, symptoms, function and well-being in different groups of patients [ 4 ], including patients with CAD [ 11 ]. In CAD patients, some studies have tested relationships identical with some of the dimensions of HRQOL model [ 3 , 12 , 13 ] showing that neither impaired left ventricular ejection or ischemia, using non-invasive cardiovascular testing, were associated with physical function or general health perception [ 3 , 13 ].


Further, Gehi et al [ 12 ] did not find any association between self-reported angina pectoris and objective evidence of inducible ischemia in patients with known CAD.

A recent study by Mathisen et al [ 14 ] showed reciprocal relationships between general health perception and overall QOL after coronary artery bypass surgery. In older women with heart disease, where arrhythmia, angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure or valvular disease were included, Janz et al [ 15 ] found that overall QOL was significantly related to measures representing each of the dimensions suggested by Wilson and Cleary [ 5 ].

For instance, anxiety and depression, which are common symptoms in these patients, have rarely been included in evaluating the associations between disease severity and dimensions of HRQOL. They found that symptoms of depression and anxiety were the most important mediator variables in the process toward HRQOL.

Using structural equation modelling, their results provide support for the proposed model by Wilson and Cleary.

Also Ruo et al [ 3 ] found that depressive symptoms in patients with CAD were strongly associated with self-reported symptom burden, physical limitation, QOL and overall health.

In addition, several studies have indicated that the way people cope with their perception of illness may influence their physical and psychological well-being [ 16 , 17 ]. To our knowledge no study has previously included use of coping strategies in evaluating associations between disease severity and HRQOL dimensions in CAD patients. Coping is claimed to be one of the core concept in medical and health psychology, and is strongly associated with the regulation of emotions throughout the stress period [ 18 ].

It is recognised that the way patients are coping with the stress and disability related to CAD, may effect subsequent adjustment and is of importance for their well-being [ 19 , 20 ].

By improving our understanding of the characteristics which are associated with symptoms, function, coping and well-being in CAD patients, the health care system might provide better therapy and care for the patients [ 1 , 3 , 5 , 21 , 22 ]. CAD is a chronic disease that has to be managed rather than cured. Therefore, knowledge about the relationships between objective disease factors and patients experience of its impact on daily life, might be relevant and useful in the communication with patients when planning treatment and rehabilitation [ 4 ].


Motivated by Wilson and Cleary's model [ 5 ], our overall aim was to investigate associations between disease severity and both mental and physical dimensions of HRQOL in patients admitted for elective coronary angiography. Our specific research questions were to explore the relation of disease severity with symptoms of angina, dyspnea, anxiety and depression, and how these factors relate to functioning, coping, perceived burden of living with angina pectoris, general health perception and overall QOL?

Conceptual model Wilson and Cleary have proposed a conceptual model, based on theory, clinical practice and research findings, to distinguish among conceptually distinct measures of HRQOL [ 5 ]. The model is divided into five levels 1 biological and physiological factors, 2 symptom status, 3 functional status, 4 general health perception and 5 overall QOL, and thereby integrates the biological and physiological factors with patients's subjective experiences of living with the disease.Two groups a group of 7 pre- and postdoctoral gerontological fellows and a group of 5 faculty with expertise in caregiving, coping, and social support for chronically ill elders were asked to identify items that were confusing or not clear.

In: A study on the effects of successful aging in sibling relationship feature at old age [master's thesis]. There are four areas of concern. Ragny LindqvistP. Using a qualitative approach, Larsson et al.

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